SICV - Banco Nacional de Inventários do Ciclo de Vida

data set overview page

Data set: Plastic conversion, thermoforming BR (01.00.000)

View metadata only data set   View metadata only data set (Alternative view) Download restricted: ask for a download account to access the complete data set
Full name
Plastic conversion, thermoforming BR
Reference year
Valid until
Reference flow(s)
Unit process, single operation
LCIA results included?
Materials production / Plastics
Use advice for data set
Data set use approval
General comment
This dataset was generated following the qualidata guidelines for the Brazilian national life cycle inventory database (SICV).The reported data represents a total production volume of 10800.00 ton/yr. 1 kg of this process equals 0.7060 kg of thermoformed plastics due to mass of included additives and polymer losses. Included activities end: The conversion process was taken apart and data was collected on all relevant material and energy flows crossing the process boundary. The process is restricted to the conversion process and does not consider recycling within the process. This dataset does not contain the polymer to be converted. The user shall add 1.4164 kg of polymer to the model. The secondary processes of water, additives, energy and packaging production, as well as treatment of solid waste were connected to the primary process. There is no known missing data. Sampling procedure: data reported from two or less companies, representing the overall operation of 22 thermoforming machines. Data quality is represented by means of pedigree matrix. System boundary: Transport of energy and materials were not considered. Geography: Plastics conversion technology and practices do not vary among the country. Given the extend of this data collection the data is relevant to Brazilian reality, thus, national scale. Technology level: Current (default) Technology: Data gathered on current process technology, reflecting the majority of hydraulic type machines reported by Gorni, 2016 in "Inventário Plástico Industrial". Plastic sheets are made by polymer extrusion. Then, sheets are heated and pressed over a mould to get its final shape. Machinery is older than 20 years and the polymer transformed was PP. Start date: 2014-01-01 End date: 2016-12-31 Is data valid for entire period: True Time period: Data gathered between 2016 and 2017 related to processes performed between 2014 and 2016 Infrastructure: This dataset does not consider infrastructure Macro-economic scenario name: Business-as-Usual Data representativeness: Brazilian transformation market produced 6.69 million metric tonnes of plastic products in 2015 (ABIPLAST, 2015 in "Perfil 2015"). Considering that number of machines are proportional to production, the thermoforming process will equate to 6% of machine share on market (Gorni, 2016). This dataset reflects primary data gathered from 0.50% of Brazilian thermoforming machinery. Despite the quantitative low representativeness, there are strong indications that the process parameters represent most of the market qualitatively. Methodological approach: Attributional Process subdivision / Allocation: No allocation process was needed. This is not a multi-output process. All packaging waste from plastics industry process still holds some value, therefore, it was common to see companies selling it to recycling companies. Polymer losses from transformation process are sent to sanitary landfill. Cut-off criteria: Data were gathered from every material and energy flows crossing the system boundaries. When data was not available, average from Ecoinvent v.3 and other companies were used to fill the gap. For example, packaging data exceptionally on pallet usage was not reported by the company, thus, we considered an average from Ecoinvent v.3.3 apud Plastics Europe to build this database. Reference flow: Conversion of 1kg of plastics Emissions: It is known that plastic transformation may emits Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) due to resin and additives composition and melting temperature. Therefore, emission factors were obtained from Yamashita et al. (2009). Results are reported as Toluene equivalents due to data availability. Water: All water flows are due to cooling systems (mold and machine) and were reported by the company. References: ABIPLAST. Perfil 2015. Brazilian Plastic Industry Association. São Paulo, 2015. Available at Gorni, Antonio. Inventário Plástico industrial. Revista Plástico Industrial, 36-62. São Paulo, outrubro, 2016 Sabesp, 2016. Relatório de Sustentabilidade 2015. São Paulo - SP. Available at page 35 Yamashita, K., Yamamoto, N., Mizukoshi, A., Noguchi, M., Ni, Y. and Yanagisawa, Y. (2009). Compositions of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted from Melted Virgin and Waste Plastic Pellets. J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 59: 273-278. Administration field: Company: ACV Brasil Contact:
LCI Method Principle
LCI Method Approaches
No records found.
Completeness of product model
No statement
No records found.
License and access conditions
Owner of data set
Technical purpose
Input Products
No records found.
Data set version
Time stamp (last saved)
Data set format
ILCD Format
Compliance system(s)
  • ILCD compliance 1.1 (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • ILCD Data Network - Entry-level (Overall compliance: Not compliant)
Registered in
Process is not registered in any registry
Data Set deregistration
Are you sure you want to deregister selected dataset?
Please enter the reason of deregistration and confirm.